The clinical laboratory is a laboratory where tests are done on clinical specimens in order to get information about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. The laboratory is divided into two sections, and each of which is further divided into a number of sections. These sections are anatomic pathology and clinical pathology. Each of these sections is further divided into several other sections. These sections are listed below.
section receives almost any clinical specimen, including swabs, feces, urine, blood sputum, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid as well as possible infected tissue. The work here is mainly concerned with cultures, to look for suspected pathogens which, if found, are further identified based on biochemical tests. Sensitivity testing is carried out to determine whether the pathogen is sensitive or resistant to a suggested antibiotic. Results are reported with the identified organism and the type and amount of antibiotics that should be prescribed for the patient.
is a microbiology section that investigates possible parasitic infections. The most frequently encountered specimen is feces; however blood, urine, sputum or other samples may contain parasites.
is the section that works with whole blood to do full blood counts – WBC, RBC, HGB and HCT – and blood smears as well as several other specialized tests.
is done in the hematology section and uses citrated blood samples to analyze blood clotting times and coagulation factors. It is used to monitor Coumadin therapy.
usually uses serum or plasma and tests for many chemicals present in the blood. These include lipids, blood glucose or sugar, enzymes and hormones. Toxicology is another section in the chemistry department. Urine or blood is tested for the presence of pharmaceutical or recreational drugs.
use the concept of antigen-antibody interaction as a diagnostic tool.
Immunohematology or Blood Bank
determines the blood groups and performs compatibility testing on donor blood and recipients. Regulated by the FDA and other regulatory agencies since giving blood is considered a drug, this section determines a patient’s blood type and Rh status, checks for antibodies to common antigens found on red blood cells, and cross matches units that are negative for the antigen ensuring that the blood is compatible with the patient receiving the units.
section tests urine for many analytes both macroscopically and microscopically.
processes solid tissue removed from the body (biopsies) for evaluation under the microscope.
examines smears of cells from all over the body for evidence of inflammation, cancer, and other conditions. Surgical pathology
examines organs, limbs, tumors, fetuses, and other tissues biopsied in surgery such as breast mastectomies.
New, Convenient Location
403 Burkarth Rd
(Use Outpatient Services entrance on east side of WMMC)
Warrensburg, MO 64093